According to the degree of impairment of vital functions
Stop external bleeding by applying a bandage, tourniquet or pressure directly on the wound; perform indirect heart massage and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Place the person in a stabilized position
In less critical situations, proceed deliberately and with caution. Constantly monitor the status of the victim and be aware of the possibility of deterioration in his health condition (vomiting, loss of consciousness, other complications)
Pass on the victim to medical personnel and communicate what was done and how the patient's condition has progressed
Examine the oral cavity for foreign objects, slipped dentures or fallen tongue. Tilt the head back (to release the airways).
Begin artificial respiration with two consecutive deep breaths, then check the victim's pulse on his neck and whether he has started breathing.
If the pulse is palpable and the victim is still not breathing, continue artificial respiration at a frequency of:
- 12 breaths per minute for adults
- 20 breaths per minute for small children
- 30 breaths per minute newborns and infants (For small children, newborns and infants breathe into the mouth and nose simultaneously)
If the pulse is not palpable and the victim is not breathing, immediately attempt other resuscitation measures. Indirect heart massage.
How to perform indirect heart massage
Kneel to one side of the victim
Place two fingers on the end tip of the sternum, and place your other hand on the lower hand in the same way
Depress the sternum in adults 4-5 cm from the spine so that pressure is applied only from the wrist edge of the palm, without fingers touching the chest and continue to revive by indirect heart massage
Frequency 100 x / min.
Kneel at the side of the prostrate victim and bend the leg closer to you at a sharp angle at the knee
Place the arm that is closer to you along the body and place the victim's hand with outstretched fingers under the buttocks
Fold the far arm across the victim's chest
Kneel next to the victim's chest and grab him by one arm on the far side with the other arm and support the head while turning him on the side towards you
Bend the head slightly
Bend the upper arm to prevent turning on the face (bend at the elbow) and prop up the head with the bent hand
Adjust the victim's position so that his head is bent back and the mouth is facing downward, while the victim's arm supports the face to prevent it from twisting down